Haploidentical and Matched Sibling Transplantation for Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Hospital-Based Study

Juan C. Baena, Maria C. Rosales, Mayra Estacio, Alejandra Hidalgo, Elizabeth Arrieta, Francisco J. Jaramillo, Eliana Manzi, Luis Gabriel Parra-Lara, Joaquin D. Rosales


Background: Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) has been increasing for the last years in Latin America. The objective of this study was to describe clinical outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving allogeneic PBSCT between 2013 and 2019 in a single center of Cali, Colombia.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Fundacion Valle del Lili. Patients diagnosed with AML who received an allogeneic PBSCT between 2013 and 2019 using human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donors (MSDs) or haploidentical related donors (HRDs) with myeloablative conditioning regimen were included. Cases with diagnosis of promyelocytic leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome-related AML and therapy-related AML were excluded. Data were obtained directly from the hospital PBSCT database and clinical records.

Results: A total of 50 patients were included (HRD, n = 32; MSD, n = 18). Sixty-two percent was in the first complete remission (CR1) at the time of the transplant, of which 26% were MSD and 74% were HRD. The European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) risk score was: 44% vs. 50% low, 28% vs. 28% intermediate and 28% vs. 22% high for MSD vs. HRD, respectively. Overall survival at 5 years for MSD was 62% (95% confidence interval (CI): 31-83%) and 43% (95% CI: 25-60%) for HRD. Event-free survival was 56% (95% CI: 26-78%) and 35.6% (95% CI: 18-53%), respectively. Non-relapse mortality at day-100 was 6% (95% CI: 0.8-35%) and 20% (95% CI: 9-39%). Relapse at5 years was 18% (95% CI: 4-58%) and 25% (95% CI: 10-52%). Overall mortality rate was 46%. The grade II-IV, III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease and severe chronic graft-versus-host disease was 44%, 11% and 12% for MSD, and 43%, 9% and 0% for HRD.

Conclusion: These results underline that MSD remains the first donor choice for AML patients in CR1 when available. HRDs are still our next option among alternative donors. It is necessary to find strategies that have a positive impact on those outcomes that markedly affect the quality of allogeneic PBSCT and the prognosis of patients. Comparative, randomized, prospective studies with longer follow-up of haploidentical allogeneic PBSCT with other donor types are required to definitely establish its role among alternative donors.

J Hematol. 2023;12(6):255-267
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jh1162


Acute myeloid leukemia; Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; Bone marrow transplantation; Survival; Colombia; Myeloablative conditioning regimen; Donors

Full Text: HTML PDF Suppl1 Suppl2 Suppl3

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






Journal of Hematology, bimonthly, ISSN 1927-1212 (print), 1927-1220 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.thejh.org    editorial contact: editor@thejh.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.