Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma in a Patient Previously Diagnosed With Sarcoidosis

Sanjay V. Menghani, Jessica P. Diaz-Hanson, Alex Heimbigner, Chelby Wakefield, Deborah Fuchs, Candace Y. Reveles, Catherine Spier, Akshay Amaraneni, Abhijeet Kumar


Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder characterized by granulomatous inflammation on histopathological evaluation. Diagnosis of sarcoidosis requires thorough elimination of malignancy and alternative causes of noncaseating granulomatous inflammation. Sarcoidosis and several subtypes of lymphoma have similar clinical presentations and can potentially have similar histopathological findings. Patients with a histopathology-confirmed diagnosis of sarcoidosis are at higher risk of developing malignancies. In this report, we present a case of a 64-year-old male diagnosed with sarcoidosis 2 years before presenting to the emergency department with a 4-month history of generalized weakness, cough, and very high fever. After a thorough workup involving cervical lymph node biopsy and bone marrow biopsy, he was diagnosed with peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL, NOS). Due to the patients current lymphoma diagnosis and features noted on pathology, a retrospective review of the prior biopsy specimen was performed, finding similar hematopathological features on both initial lymph node biopsy diagnosing sarcoidosis and current biopsies diagnosing lymphoma. Given these findings, our patient likely had early manifestation of PTCL misdiagnosed as sarcoidosis. In summary, lymphoma should be considered in all patients with suspected sarcoidosis, especially those who do not respond to treatment or who present with persistent hematological abnormalities.

J Hematol. 2023;12(6):272-276


Peripheral T-cell lymphoma; Sarcoidosis; Sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






Journal of Hematology, bimonthly, ISSN 1927-1212 (print), 1927-1220 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:    editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.